autism-spectrum

Autistic Traits Identified with Austim Spectrum

Autism Spectrum Disorders have certain autistic traits which have been further defined to help identify the autism spectrum.  Below is a list of many of the symptoms or traits that are used to identify patients with Autism Spectrum Disorders:

Social impairment

  • Poor ability to make friends
  • Social awkwardness
  • Indiscriminate social interaction
  • Lack of eye contact
  • Gullibility
  • Lack of observed desire for friendship

Language impairment

  • Odd or monotonous prosody of speech
  • Overly formal and pedantic language
  • Pronoun reversal
  • Visuospatial thinking sometimes preferred
  • Use of rote chunks of language
  • Late or no development of language
  • Poor use and understanding of nonverbal communication (i.e., facial expressions and body language)

Imaginative impairment and repetitive adherence

  • Concrete and literal use of language
  • Poor understanding of abstract thought, metaphors and symbolism
  • Preference for routine
  • Absorption in detail; inability to understand meaning or the whole of a concept
  • Perseverative interest or focus

Sensory Integration Dysfunction

  • Hyper- or hyposensitivity of the various senses
  • Peculiar clothing and food preferences
  • Self-stimulating mannerisms
  • Fine or gross motor discoordination

Sensory Integration Dysfunction is a neurological disorder which causes difficulties with the normal processing of information from the five classic senses (vision, hearing, touch, smell, and taste), the sense of movement, and/or the positional sense.  Sensory information is sensed normally, but is processed abnormally. This should not be considered to be the same as blindness or deafness because, the sensory information is sensed normally but tends to be analyzed by the brain in an unusual way, that may even cause pain or confusion

The number of autistic traits a person shows, is used to determine the severity of autism in the patient. These autistic traits in some cases may prove to be beneficial in some areas of study, like science, mathematics, and engineering, mainly because they require rote memorization, which some autistic individuals might show a marked proficiency in.

Autism will also come under the classification of 'Pervasive Development Disorder. Parents may note symptoms of Pervasive Development Disorder as early as infancy and typically the onset will be before the age of 3 years old. Further diagnostic testing will be required in order to determine which Pervasive Development Disorder the child may have.

For more information about autism and the autistic community be sure to check out the resources available at answers-about-autism.

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